HONOURABLE MENTION

What bridge is the best to stop a natural disaster

We tested to see what shape bridge is the best to withstand a natural disaster.
Arundeep Gill Gurlove Deol
Grade 6

Presentation

No video provided

Hypothesis

We think that the triangle would be the best shape to survive a natural disaster becasue since the two sides that intersent at te top of the polygon are ascending then immediatly descending, any sort of liquid would go over and them straight down. Another shape that could be good for a natural disaster is a rectangle. This is because the 4 vertices that are conected give the shape a decent amount of strength to the shape, thus making this object harder to push or pull. Combining this shape with a triangle would make it both resistant to water and air. Giving a shaoe the strength of a rectangular prism and a triangular prism/pyramid would make it harder to destroy from a natural.

Research

Natural disasters can be made by many reasons. For example: soil erosion,  the movement of tectonic plates or even seismic activity. A tsunami is made when the tectonic plates shift under the surface of a sea. A surge of water climbs over the hill made by the movment of the tectonic plates. Tornados are made when cold air and warm air infterfere with each other. The colder and denser air is pushed over the warm air usually creating thunder. The warm air rises, this causes and updraft. When the updraft touches the ground, it becomes a tornado. Finally, hurricanes are made when the water is warm, and when there is moist, warm air in the sky.

Variables

Variables to keep the same:

 The variables to keep  the materials used such as, cardboard, and bridges.

Variable to change: 

The variable to change would be the main materials to make the disasters as not all disasters have the same effects. Meaning that we would also have to change the natural disasters.


 

 

Procedure

Well, For our procedure we are going to use 5 types of bridges, And use recreational natural disasters, The ones we have picked are tsunami, hurricane and a tornado.
  1.  (Tsunami) First we will put one bridge in, Then we use cardboard and make a              huge wave which uses pressure on the bridge, and last we check the results!
  2. (Hurricane) To start off, we would use a hair dryer and a shower hose to show the water and wind affect in action!
  3. (Tornado) For this experiment we would use a hair dryer to showcase the strong winds that come with a tornado.  

Observations

During the experiment, The Rectangular bridge was obviously a well built structure that could not be destructed by a tornado and hurricane. Although the railing of the rectangular bridge was severely damaged due to a tsunami. 
The square bridge was made primarily out of cardboard. Therefore, it was more deprived of strength against water. It was also affected by a tornado demonstrating that the cuboid structure would be the worst shape to make a bridge. 
For the triangular structure it was successful and did work to becoming a better bridge to withstand any natural disaster. This represented that our hypothesis was indeed correct.

 

Analysis

Tornado Hurricane Tsunami

Hollow Sqaure   

The sqaure was  merely pushed      to the side the screen.

There were no major effects the sqaure was merely dampened by the water making it more vulnerable to other disaster to come The effects of the Tsunami smashed of the back face of the cuboid structure

Hollow rectangle

The toranado had no effects on the strong hollow bridge                                                                          

When we tested out the hurricane, the only part that was damaged was the paint but the rest of the bridge was perfectly okay. Meaning that this bridge was efecient

 

 

The tsunami's wave of water had simply gone through the bridge and had not even phased the bridge.

Solid Rectangle

The toranado had no effects on the strong solid bridge

The hurricane nor the tornado were able to beat and bash down this structure yet. The tsunami was able to slightly damage it by breaking down the railing and the entrances to the bridge. Although it did not have much of an effect on the body of the bridge

Solid Triangle

The solid triangle just slightly shook but there was no legitimate damage done to the shape

The hurricane did not do any damage either. As the hurricane did not even shake the triangle The Tsunami shook the triangular bridge but it did not break any of it.

Hollow triangle

The tornado had no effects on the triangular bridge at all.

The hurricane did not damage the hollow triangle either. The tsunami had only pushed it back but if it were stuck into the ground it would not move at all.

 

 

 

 

 

Conclusion

In conclusion we learnt that the triangle would be the best shape to use in case of a natural disaster. Although, realistically speaking the speed and velocity at which the natural disaster is traveling it could destroy anything whether it was titanium or cardboard.Although, it was interesting to learn about what shape would withstand a natural disaster best. 

 

 

 

Application

Hello, Our names are Arundeep Gill & Gurlove Deol. Our project question is "Which bridge can last the most to a natural disaster?".

We wanted to do this project because we love destruction, and we enjoy making things. We hope you enjoy our project! .

 

Sources Of Error

In our project, there can be minor errors such as the natural disasters not being right. Because you could throw matierals such as water in the wrong way.

Citations

We used our own knowledge on natural disasters and geometry to come up with bridges that we can use to stop natural disasters from occuring!

Acknowledgement

We would like to say thank you to our parents for helping us when we did not understand some parts of the experiment. They also told us how we could recreate the disasters.

Attachments

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