COVID-19 (Effects and treatments)
Ananya Nair Jerry Zhang
As COVID-19 spreads but scientists are getting more and more information on this new virus, we put informations of the virus and informations on possible vaccines together in this one projects to give everyone some better understanding on the virus instead on hopping on different webs to get some informations on this new disease. So that being said, what is a virus like COVID-19 and how does it work? How does a vaccine work and how it can stop COVID-19 and other viruses? What are the symptoms caused this virus and the possible treatments for it? This project will bring you through basic and complicated facts about COVID-19 and the answers to these questions. Now, lets start from the simple to the hard facts about the virus and the vaccine.
Sources guide our project forward as we work on this project, and we always make sure the sources we use are reliable and the information can be trusted. In science fairs, we use logbooks to jot down informations and record our process. As we work, we continue to do research and jot down informations, and the Data section will be where all the information would be. As you might tell, It will be a lot of information to tell, so we will break it down from the simple fact to the harder fact. Sources of the information will be in the citations.
*If you want to see the graph for infections and others, go to Data*
When some people talk about curing people who have diseases, people often think of some medicines and that’s practically it. But the truth is, curing is more complicated. With complex procedures that may take days to complete, they also have to make sure that everything is just as they wanted. This presentation will bring you through basic and complicated facts about COVID-19.
COVID-19 was informed to the public at the end of December, though the exact date remains unknown. The disease is caused by the virus strain SARS-CoV-2 and was related to the virus group the Coronavirus family, the group of related RNA viruses. By Feburary 2020, the virus have been transmitted to other places as well, and March 2020 the WHO declared a pandemic. Soon the second wave have started and a vaccine was approved for usage. Here we will explain how it infects the body and how a vaccine works.
How a virus works and the symptoms COVID-19 causes:
A virus is small, neither dead nor alive. It is a shell, and insides it contains it's genetical code. Some needs to head into a host cell, while the others can just inject is genetical code inside. COVID-19 invades the lungs and possibly other areas of the body, but the question is how does it duplicate itself? The virus have protein spikes sticking out of it and it needs to connect to the cells ACE-2 receptors. Then when it matches, it gets pulled in and therefore the infection starts. Unlike the flu cell, the Coronavirus doesn't need to hijack the nucleus, it can directly feed the ribosomes it's genetical code. There, the virus is able to duplicate itself and burst out of the infected cell.
Coronavirus can cause the following symptoms:
- Difficulty breathing
- Some others
Severe symptoms will require hospitalization
How does a vaccine work and how to prevent spreading diseases:
Vaccines contains dead copies of a disease, which may be harmless and helps the immune system recognise it. The immune system uses antibody to disable the virus and therefore the other white blood cells are able to swallow it *om nom nom*.
There are currently several vaccines for the Coronavirus:
- Phizer BioNTech
- Oxford AstraZeneca
These are the prevention:
- Wear a mask
- 2 metre distancing
- quarantine or self isolate if any symptoms occour
Here is the research that we have jotted down:
COVID-19 and what we know now:
- Starting in Wuhan, China, the disease caused by SARS2 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus2) called the coronavirus (COVID-19) infected the first patient sometime in 2019 November.
- Was officially declared a pandemic on March 11, 2020 by W.H.O (World Health Organization)
- Chinese officials notified the public in December 31, 2020
- The US Broke the record of 25 million total confirmed and counting…
- World death count 2 Million and counting and total confirmed nearing 100 million; immediate actions needed.
- The world isn’t doing enough to bend the curve. Cases are skyrocketing every day.
- Vaccine rollout: more and more vaccines delivered everyday | Some countries are reporting shortages.
- Some cases affect the brain.
- Dry cough
- High Fever
- Vomiting and Nausea
- Respiratory issues
- Extreme weakness
Treatments and Prevention:
- To date, there are no known treatments for covid 19, but there are vaccines available.
- Hand wash
- Physical distancing of 2 meters apart.
- WEAR A MASK!!!
- Quarantine or self isolate if you have symptoms or were positive for it.
- Phizer BioNTech
- Oxford AstraZeneca
So here's what we got right now as of 2021-03-18
Daily infections in Canada:
Daily cases as of 2021-03-18 | Source: https://news.google.com/covid19/map?hl=en-CA&mid=%2Fm%2F0d060g&gl=CA&ceid=CA%3Aen
Every day Vaccinated:
Daily vaccinations as of 2021-03-18 | Source: https://news.google.com/covid19/map?hl=en-CA&mid=%2Fm%2F0d060g&gl=CA&ceid=CA%3Aen
Since we are in danger, we should consider that there are people out there that are in more danger than us, so we should consider protecting them by staying home more often and follow safey guidelines. If we all work together, we will be able to protect more people and ultimately stop the coronavirus.
Here's the website we used:
- Google's coronavirus info
Image from the web.
Thanksto those who helped and supported us in the making of this project.