SILVER

Water Therapy

The purpose of this experiment is to see how water affects in human body on a daily basis and the benefits that we can receive from this important resource.
Pratyusa Pal
Grade 5

Problem

We all know that water is not only an important resource, but it is an integral part of our life. The function of this bodily fluid includes digestion, absorption, circulation, hydration, creation of saliva, transportation of nutrients and maintenance of body temperature.

So, my objective of this research is to find out the importance of water and the consumption of the same for humans throughout the day for healthy life. Moreover, I will also research about how much amount of water we should consume each day for healthy and disease-free life.

Method

My study on this subject is research based. I have done extensive study to acquire the knowledge on water consumption in our human body daily. Given below are the major steps of my study.

  1. Timings, postures, and quantity of water consumption
  2. Appropriate container to store and drink water
  3. Effects of drinking excess or less water
  4. Effect of water consumption on the human organs

I have studied in depth and from there decided to use that knowledge on me! My self experiment took about 4 weeks and I wanted to know if any of this information works. Whatever I find out I would write it down on the data that would be in the chart below. In three weeks, I gradually increased my water consumption and it certainly it helped me in various areas like, bowel movement, digestion, increase in energy, etc. 

First week (15- 21 Feb) - I started my first week without water first thing in the morning. And then I drank approximately 1.5 liters of water for the rest of my day randomly, not following my time routine. After one week, I noticed that my morning bowel movement is not clear and it comes in between any time of the day, I felt very bloated and gaseous. Since I drank water randomly, I had problem in bowel movement and digestion.

Second week (22-28 Feb) - In the second week I started my day with one full glass and a little bit more and I drink throughout the day sip by sip. One glass is enough water for my body. If it exceeds that level, I feel like I am going to vomit. This week I started to drink one glass of water before bedtime. 

After this process I noticed that, just finishing that one glass of water, I feel pressurized to go to the bathroom. My bowel movement is clear and feeling much more relaxed and fresher and ready for the good amount breakfast. But at night I drank one glass of water everyday in that week just before going to bed, I wake up only one time or maybe two times to go to the washroom, but this was really not a big deal for me because I slept perfectly fine rather I needed to drink in the middle of the night for a couple of sips of water to keep me hydrated. I think that my room heater makes me dehydrated.

Third week (1-7 March) - This week I concentrated more on my postures and quantity while drinking water. I tried to gauge what is the suitable for my body.

First two days I tried to become dehydrated and drank only approximately 1-2 glasses of water throughout the day. It felt extremely ghastly and could not continue this anymore. My urine turned deep yellow, having cramping in my abdomen. The next two days in that week I tried to overhydrate as much as I can tolerate so I drank 2 litres and a little bit more. This process made my urine clear like water and I went to the washroom frequently in the day. Whenever I walked, the water in my stomach sounded like small waves. The rest of the days I figured out that 4 to 5 glasses of water or within 1 -1.5 litres of water was suitable for me. I also tried different postures of drinking water, like while I was running or walking. When I drank while running, I was choked and spilled the water and didn't satisfy my thirst.

Fourth week (8-14 March) - In the fourth week I drank as per the entire water cycle which I discovered during my research.

Trust me I noticed a positive change in my energy, bowel movement, digestion etc. I used steel and glass container to drink water.

Research

Water is vital part of all living things. In some organism up to 90% of their body weight comes from water. Up to 60% of an adult human body is water.

According to HH Mitchel, journal of Biological Chemistry the brain and heart are composed of approximately 75% water, the skin contains 64% water, muscles and kidneys are 79% and even the bones have water in them which is about 22%.

The function of this bodily fluid includes digestion, absorption, circulation, hydration, creation of saliva, transportation of nutrients and maintenance of body temperature.

My objective of this research is to find out the importance of water and the consumption of the same for humans throughout the day for healthy life. Moreover, I will also research about how much amount of water we should consume each day for healthy and disease-free life.

My research is based on four (4) major questions.

  1. Timings, postures, and quantity of water consumption
  2. Appropriate container to store and drink water
  3. Effects of drinking excess or less water
  4. Effect of water consumption on the human organs

Given below is the outcome of my research based on above four questions.

  1. Timings, postures, and quantity of water consumption

Timing

  • People should drink water when they wake up from sleep. That should be the first thing everyone should do when they wake up from bed. This is because once we wake up, we have lot of saliva in our mouth and this saliva aids in the digestion process and help things move along. Ingesting the saliva ensures healthy digestion throughout the day. Keep a water glass beside the bed so you can drink it when you wake up.
  • Do not drink water after a big meal. This is because there is a lot going on in our stomach during that time. All the digestive juices are trying to digest all that food but if we consume water during that time, it can dilute the gastric juices and cause insulin levels to rise. This digestion disturbance can cause us to feel expanded and gaseous and can cause indigestion. This same effect can happen when we drink a whole lot of water before meal. If someone feels the need to drink water during a meal, he or she can do so by taking very small sips slowly. The solution is to wait an hour or two after eating, then you drink down a glass of water. You may drink a reasonable amount of water 40 mins before meal.
  • People should not skip water before going to bed. I know it is very annoying to go to the washroom at night but skip drinking water before going to bed for this reason can potentially increase chances of heart attack. As per the American Journal of Epidemiology in 2002, water and other fluids can aid in prevention of fatal coronary heart disease. Five glasses a day helps prevent a heart attack or stroke. They also discovered that drinking water at night can increase blood circulation.
  • Also, it is important to note that drinking water too close to bedtime can interrupt our sleep cycle and negatively impact heart health. Sleep deprivation can also adversely affect lack of sleep. It increases high blood pressure, high cholesterol level and weight gain.
  • Drink one glass of water before taking a bath to help lower our blood pressure.

Posture

  •  If you drink water really fast it can be dangerous, even though it can be irresistible when you are parched. This can dilute your saliva and you need saliva to digest your food properly. Saliva helps stimulate the gastric juices in your stomach. According to Dr. Leonard Smith (a Gastrointestinal vascular General surgeon), a person should slowly sip 2-3 ounces at a time (60-90ml) instead of chugging water. Another reason chugging water is a bad idea. When you feel the need to drink copious amounts of water, surprisingly you can die from something called Hyponatremia. This can happen when an abnormally large amount of water enters the body and dilutes the sodium and fills it with too much water that your cells start to swell.
  • When people are busy, they tend to drink water on the go. They drink water while standing, walking, and even running. This can wreak our body, specifically very dangerous for our kidneys. This is also bad because our muscles and nervous system are not as relaxed as they are when they are sitting down. As a result, it can cause a kink in the digestion process. Since the fluid cannot absorb properly this way you can get joint or inflammation issues since certain muscles and nerves can't get the water, they need in the right way. The appropriate posture is to sit down on a sofa / chair and in an upright position and drink sip by sip slowly as you are enjoying it.
  • Everyone feels so relaxed when drink a chilled glass of water. WRONG, this can be very harmful in a lot of ways. But did you know that it can shrink your blood vessels and disrupt the digestion process. This can cause you to hold onto unwanted fat and solidify the fat making it harder to burn. Drinking cold water can cause you to have a sore throat, joint pain or even a slower heart rate because cold temperature of the water can stimulate the vagus nerve which is an important player in the nervous system and helps our heart to have a normal heartbeat rate . It will help if we just drink room temperature water.

 

Quantity

  • Everyone says to drink water when you are thirsty, but thirst is a sign that you are already going into dehydration. Scientists now see that different types of people need different types of amounts of water. Such as people in a hot dry climate or people who exercise frequently, they likely need more water than you do. Men likely need more water than woman. Unfortunately, your body will respond in different ways if you ae not drinking enough water. Such as Dark urine or Dryness, light headiness, infrequent urination etc.
  • Different scientist and doctors have different opinions about this matter. One scientist says to drink 8 glasses or half a gallon water everyday, others say just drink constantly throughout the day and another group of scientists say to drink how much you think your body requires. I have been trying for three weeks to understand exactly how much water I need to drink. I think the right answer would be the third group of scientists because people have different body type, climates, and other issues.
  •   However, given below is the average water consumption in tropical climate.
  • Woman: 72 oz or 9 cups
  • Man: 104 oz or 13 cups
  • Pregnant woman: more than 9 cups
  • kids (4-8 years): 40 oz or 5 cups
  • Kids (9-13 years): 56 oz or 7 cups
  • Kids (14-18 years): 64 -88 oz or 8-11 cups
  •   If someone lives in a hot climate or 8000 ft above elevation then he or she needs to drink more or if someone has diarrhea, fever or vomiting, body will need more water.
  • Different vegetable and fruits have different water content. So, we must eat foods with high water content.
  • Fruits are about 90 percent of water and vegetables are also about 70 percent of water. So minimum 70 percent of water should be in the food that we eat. Foods with low water content will be stuck in the stomach like concrete and we drink more water to flush it out.
  1. Appropriate container to store and drink water.

Every human needs a holder to contain water from which he or she can consume. We like a lot of containers but some of them may not be suitable for our health and planet.

  • Avoid plastic bottles.

People commonly used everyday the plastic water bottle before knowing that it is right thing or not. 90% of plastic bottles are not recycled after use and entering our landfills and oceans making it polluted. The most common reason used to suggest avoiding plastic water bottles because it has BPA (Bisphenol A). It is one of the unhealthiest and polluting options. Chemicals from the bottles leach into the water making it unhealthy for consumption which can cause various diseases like Cancer, kidney and lever damage etc.

In the market there are several BPA free bottles but before using them you should check and re-assure the number under the plastic bottles which occurs 1 to 7 as a recycling grade. The best we can use 1 or 2 number bottle to drink.

  • Use glass or metal container

Glass is very safe option. It is an inert material and when water is stored in a glass bottle it does not affect the quality of water.

Stainless steel is a very popular metal, and it is very safe and long lasting for usage.

The best and ancient way of storing water and drinking water is from copper vessel. Copper has oligodynamic properties which prove fatal to the bacteria and virus present in water. When water stored in copper vessel for a long time, tiny particle of copper infuses with water and this water help to prevent and heal various health conditions.

 

  1. Effects of drinking excess or less water

Effects of drinking less water

  • Body temperature won't stay within its normal range.
  • Seals won't be lubricated and cushioned.
  • Body waste won't be able to leave our body through sweat, urine and bowel movement.
  • Spine will be unprotected.
  • Brain will start function poorly and energy level will drop.
  • Water helps to deliver oxygen through out the body. So, consuming less water will impact Oxygen circulation in the body.
  • Enough saliva will not be created.
  • Water helps to produce neurotransmitters and hormones. Consuming less water will have an impact on it.
  • It assists food as it passes through your intestine. Drinking less water will not help in diluting the food.
  • Dehydration can lead to dangerously low blood pressure and a rapid heartbeat.
  •  A fever is not really a disease, it is just an illness. We need to keep the fluids flowing. If we are sweating a lot, vomiting, or experiencing diarrhea, we probably are dehydrated, and these are symptoms which means we will need to drink more water to replenish the body.

Effects of drinking excess water

"The more, the better" is not appropriate for this water intake rule.

  • Too much water in our body dilutes the electrolytes in the blood. it creates swelling on the brains.
  • It can lead to low energy levels, headaches, weakness, irritability, muscle spams, confusion and even coma.
  • Hyperhydration- it has similar symptoms to dehydration, vomiting, dizziness, light headedness, headaches, and fatigue.
  • Over hydration- It leads to our body containing more fluid than our kidneys can flush out. It can lead to hyponatremia. 
  • When we drink more water, every part of the body is affected and sodium level drops in the brain. 
  • The damage to the heart is immense due to excessive water consumption
  1. Effect of water consumption on the human organs

Water is the largest component of human body. It has numerous functions which we can see in the upcoming slides. By proper amount of water consumption, we can actually help ourselves to stay away from diseases.

Let's see …….

Skin

    • Enough water intake improves skin tone and flush out toxins and give a healthier skin
    • Prevents premature aging
    • Faster healing, reduces puffiness
    • Prevents acne, promotes healthy gut
    • Reduce itchy skin
    • Maintain pH balance
    • Prevents heat related skin eruption

Eye

    • Eye is surrounded by fluid which protects the eye by washing away debris and dust every time we blink. Staying well hydrated is very important for balancing of fluid in the eye.

   Stomach

    • The food we eat make its way from stomach to the large intestine or colon. If we don't have enough water in our body already, the large intestine soaks up water from food waste. This makes you have hard stool that are difficult to pass. It causes chronic constipation.
    • Drinking water with an empty stomach can give our diet a boost and help in raising metabolism by 25 percent. Digestion of food becomes better and faster. Drinking water during or after a meal can help with digestion. Water and other liquids help break down food so that our body can absorb the nutrients. Water keeps moving food through intestine. Consuming less water leads to hard stools and constipation.

Kidney

    • Water helps kidneys to remove waste from our blood in the form of urine. Water also helps to keep our blood vessels open so that blood can travel freely to kidneys and deliver important nutrients. If we don't get enough water the waste along with acids can build up. Then kidneys getting clogged with proteins called myoglobin. It leads to kidney stones and urinary tract infection.

Nervous system

    • Neurons sends signals that allow your body to move, talk and function properly. Water makes the myelin sheaths which help conduct electricity through neurons. Water gives the brain the electrical energy for all brain functions including thought and memory process.

Joints and bones

  • Water makes up a large part of our joint cartilage that helps to absorb shock and make bone against bone movements smoother. It helps to flush out toxins from body that could inflame joints.
  • Dehydration leads to Osteoporosis and other musculoskeletal conditions. Our bones are 1/3 of water and producing cells to rebuild those lost from age and strengthen them with minerals stored within bone structure. Water brings calcium and nutrients though out the body including bones. Lack of calcium can lead to Osteoporosis and toxin substance build up in the bones if there is not enough water to carry them away. This can lead to inflammation and break down in bone mass.

Brain 

  • We may not remember as well as think clearly or concentrate as easily when we are low on water. Water maintains brain's temperature and gets rid of toxins and dead cells. It also keeps cells active and balances chemical process in the brain, helping to regulate stress and anxiety.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Data

Week No Method Outcome
1 I started my first week without water first thing in the morning. And then I drank  approximately 1.5 liters of water for the rest of my day randomly, not following my time routine. After one week, I noticed that my morning bowel movement is not clear and it comes in between any time of the day, I felt very bloated and gaseous. Since I drank water randomly, I had problem in bowel movement and digestion. 
2 In the second week I started my day with one full glass and a little bit more and I drink throughout the day sip by sip. One glass is enough water for my body. If it exceeds that level I feel like I am going to vomit. This week I started to drink one glass of water before bed time.  After this process I noticed that, just finishing that one glass of water, I feel pressurized to go to the bathroom. My bowel movement is clear and feeling much more relaxed and fresh and ready for the good amount breakfast. But at night I drank one glass of water everyday in that week just before going to bed, I wake up only one time  or maybe two times to go to the washroom, but this was really not a big deal for me because I slept perfectly fine  rather I needed to drink in the middle of the night for a couple of sips of water to keep me hydrated. I think that  my room heater makes me dehydrated.
3 This week I concentrated more on my postures and quantity while drinking water. I tried to gauge what is the suitable for my body.
First two days I tried to become dehydrated and drank only approximately 1-2 glasses of water throughout the day. It felt extremely ghastly and could not continue this anymore. My urine turned deep yellow, having cramping in my abdomen. The next two days in that week I  tried to overhydrate as much as I can tolerate so I drank 2 litters and a little bit more. This process made my urine clear like water and I went to the washroom frequently in the day. Whenever I walked, the water in my stomach sounded like small waves. The rest of the days I figured out that  4 to 5 glasses of water or within 1 -1.5 litres  of water was suitable for me. I also tried different postures of drinking water, like while I was running or walking. When I drank while running I was choked and spilled the water and didn't satisfy my thirst.


 
I concluded that best way to drink water is by sitting down and drink slowly.
4  In the fourth week I  drank  as per the entire water cycle which I discovered during my research. Trust me I noticed a positive change in my energy, bowel movement, digestion etc.…... wait wait don't leave just yet! I used steel and glass container to drink water.

Conclusion

After completing my study and applied water consumption rule on my body, I concluded that water should be consumed as per the following to lead a healthy life.

  • Water is an integral part of human body. So, people should drink water wisely.
  • People should drink water as per need of their own body. Drinking excess or less water is not recommended.
  • Avoid drinking water before or after meal.
  • Drinking water in the morning with empty stomach will help in digestion and bowel movement.
  • Drink  one glass of water before bath and before bed time but not too close.
  • Do not drink water while walking and running. Sit and drink slowly.
  • Do not drink chilled water. Drinking normal water is good for health.
  • Steel, glass or copper container is best for storing and drinking water. Avoid plastic bottles. If at all you want to use plastic bottles for drinking, please use BPA free with number 1 or 2.
  • Drinking excess or less water have direct impact on human organs like kidney, stomach, eye, skin, bones, nervous systems etc.

Citations

 

Acknowledgement

  • My sincere thanks to Ms. Katrina Watson and Ms. Leslie Sears to select me for this project
  • My heartfelt thanks to my Science Teacher Ms. Kayla Dixon for her guidance, support, and care to give me confidence and knowledge to attend this science fair project.
  • Many thanks to all my class teachers to help me gaining knowledge. Mr. Taub, Mrs. Mac Dermott, Ms. Lee, Mrs. Kuznick, Mrs. Hiley.
  • Thanks to my principal Ms. Mc Coag for her guidance
  • Last but not the least my parents who guided me in this project